Eurasian lynx

Eurasian lynx - Lynx lynx

Lynx facts

Size

Males 18 – 25 kg
Females 12 – 16 kg

Reproduction
Mating: March
Birth: May - June
Litter size: 1-4, normally 2-3 

Diet
Strictly carnivorous.
Roe deer, chamois, red deer, hares, forest birds, domestic sheep, semi-domestic reindeer  

Social organisation
Solitary and territorial - little overlap with members of same sex.

Home ranges
Vary from 120 to 1800 km2 for males and 80 to 500 km2 for females.  

 

Lynx. Photo J. Linnell
Eurasian lynx - Lynx lynx. Photo © John Linnell/NINA

Threats:


(1) Throughout Europe poaching is one of the major threats to lynx survival.

(2) In countries such as Norway, Estonia, Latvia and Romania lynx are hunted. There is a need to ensure that quotas here remain at a sustainable level.

(3) The Balkan population is very small, completely isolated, and lives in habitats with a poor prey base. This population is the one of greatest concern in Europe today.

 

(4) Lynx in some parts of their range (e.g. NE Poland, Belarus and Lithuania) have a very fragmented distribution, living in forest patches isolated from each other by farmland.

Distribution: 

Population name

Countries

Size (c. 2012)

Trend

Scandinavian

Norway, Sweden

1800 – 2300

Stable

Karelian

Finland

2400-2600

Increase

Baltic

Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Ukraine

1600

Stable

Bohemian-Bavarian

Czech Republic, Germany, Austria

50

Stable or decrease

Carpathian

Romania, Slovakia, Poland, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria

2300-2400

Stable

Alpine

Switzerland, Slovenia, Italy, Austria, France

130

Stable

Jura

France, Switzerland

100

Increase

Vosges Palatinian

France, Germany

19

Stable or slight decrease

Dinaric

Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina

120-130

Stable or decrease

Balkan

"the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", Albania, Serbia (incl. Kosovo*)

40-50

Decreasing?