Males 18 – 25 kg
Females 12 – 16 kg
Birth: May - June
Litter size: 1-4, normally 2-3
Roe deer, chamois, red deer, hares, forest birds, domestic sheep, semi-domestic reindeer
Solitary and territorial - little overlap with members of same sex.
Vary from 120 to 1800 km2 for males and 80 to 500 km2 for females.